The General Rules for Writing Unambiguous Academic Papers
The rules and guidelines for academic writing are quite strict. Unlike casual conversations, academic papers need to be clear, literal, unambiguous, and well structured. In conversations, participants might ask for explanations thus the speaker may jump from topic to topic. However, in contrast, academic papers must stand on their own, conveying the writer’s thoughts clearly through words alone. This demands that a writer comes up with well-structured arguments that are relevant to a well-defined thesis. Granted, it is evident that it takes quite a lot of time and effort to write a good academic paper, more so a lengthy one. Still, a writer can find solace in fact that the time and effort spent is usually repaid with the time and effort saved by readers. Below are three tips for writing difficult academic papers.
All academic writings should have a clear thesis in the introduction. Moreover, the thesis statement should be expressible as a solitary, logical point. This can be quite a daunting task at times and as an author, you should always strive to simplify the thesis statement as much as possible and never leave the readers to guess what the thesis is. When you are in doubt that the readers might not know what your thesis is, make it a point of reminding them again. One way of doing this would be to use this structure: introduce, justify/expand, and conclude. In essence, have a clear topic, expound on it, conclude it, and then relate everything back to the main topic. That will ensure a good grade on your homework assignments.
You have to stay on topic when writing quality papers. This cannot be over-emphasized. Everything has to relate to the main thesis. However, this does not mean being one sided. At times, it might be appropriate to admit some shortcomings in your argument or discuss some qualities of an opposing argument as long as they are relevant. Such conflicting observations should be included just after the introduction to provide a basis for your subsequent arguments. However, use it skillfully so that you may not confuse the reader pointlessly. Let your points be as clear as possible without assuming there are no other convincing arguments.
Another way of writing difficult academic papers is to ensure that there is a smooth transition between ideas in your writing. In theory this might seem quite easy, however in practice, making proper transitions can be quite a challenge. It requires a lot of practice and it will take quite some effort. In essence, each proceeding sentence should follow smoothly from the preceding sentence, and likewise, paragraphs should do too. Unstructured language is permissible during casual conversations; however, anything that will require a reader to read from the beginning to the end needs to follow a linear sequence of thought. Transitive words and phrases are what allow readers to comprehend your writing effortlessly while you expound on the multiple ideas in your paper.
A proper academic paper should have a thesis statement that expressly summarizes what the entire paper entails. After reading the introduction, the reader should not be second guessing what the paper is all about. Writers too should ensure that they to get straight to the point without straying from the main topic. The paper should focus on the topic and answer the right questions because there is not point of writing a brilliant academic paper that does not address the question. An academic paper written in a proper analytical and logical prose will make more sense to a reader than a paper with incoherent ideas. Readers will not only look for content, but also for grammar, sentence structure, relevance and transition from one main idea to another one. Granted, it is not a simple task writing a hard academic paper. It requires both time and effort. However, the above tips make the process a bit easier.
Reflection on Various Ways of Performing Academic Research
Academic research is a cumulative process that involves the formulation of hypotheses that eventually build upon existing works. Researchers leverage several methodologies and approaches to collate and assess useful data that answer specific study questions. Birley and Moreland rightfully observe that research is not a static engagement nor does it involve the collection of purely numerical or purely ethnographic data. It is a dynamic process that continuously evolves as new findings are discovered and new correlations are established.
In understanding the different techniques of undertaking academic research, Thomas notes that methods of scientific inquiry can be categorized into quantitative and qualitative research. In its simplest form, a quantitative methodology is deductive and involves the collection of numerical and empirical data. Meanwhile, qualitative approaches to research are primarily concerned with ethnographic analyses of social phenomena such as culture, social behaviour or learning environments. Most researchers identify themselves as either qualitative or quantitative, based on the philosophical outlooks that underlie these two methods of research.
Notably, quantitative research is seen to be less involved with the subject of study, with researchers on this camp contending that reality is objective and the role of the researcher is to experiment and test theories that either support or defy these realities. Qualitative researchers are also known as subjectivists, as their school of thought argues that while conducting research, one cannot possibly remove himself from the context and from the subject—reality, and therefore research findings, are interpreted through the researcher’s own experience and view of reality.
Researchers will often find that some questions render themselves naturally to either qualitative or quantitative methodologies. Birley and Moreland further contend that questions that entail assessing the effect of independent variables on dependent variables are better answered by quantitative methodologies. Such questions are comprehensibly addressed by numerical presentation of data collected and analyzed over a period of time. Co-relational research is at the core of quantitative methodologies, which seek to establish the relationship between variables within a simulated context. Scaled observation, experimental studies, and close-ended surveys are the most common approaches researchers use to collect quantitative or empirical data.
Tracy observes that most phenomena in the academic field are naturally quantitative. Even then, using various research frameworks, a researcher may convert qualitative questions to quantitative ones thereby generating numerical data. Quantitative methodologies are largely concerned with the insider's point of view, with answering questions in-depth, and with understanding underlying nuances that cause certain outcomes. Unlike in quantitative research where specific variables are studied, qualitative approaches take a holistic view of the subjects of study to understand the diverse realities, without any fixed goal.
Participant observation is an essential element of qualitative research and a differentiating factor between this method of research and empirical or quantitative study. Tracy further makes the observation that in the quest to fully understand the insider’s view, qualitative researchers often take the role of active participants and observers. Researcher bias is a significant point of debate, as it can distort the validity of ethnographic or qualitative findings. In effect, qualitative research entails critical observation and recording of personal prejudices and biases. Ethnographic research methods are wholly concerned with contextual meaning and will render themselves more naturally to open-ended interviews, multivariate case studies, observation and participation, open-ended surveys and focus groups.
In conclusion, Thomas concurs that often, academic research demands an integration of both quantitative and qualitative methodologies to generate numerical and thematic data that will support a field of study. While some questions easily render themselves to either qualitative or quantitative research, a researcher can use various frameworks to transform ethnographic research questions to quantitative ones and vice-versa. The research methodologies one applies will, to a large extent, depend on the nature and objectives of the study.
Quick Guide to Writing Academic Papers
It is no doubt that writing academic papers or long essays can be intimidating. This phenomenon leads students into resorting to dubious methods that might appear to be easier yet are very tasking, time wasting and fringe the elementary rules of writing quality essays. Since the mechanics for writing academic papers are readily known and easily available to most students, this article will concentrate on definite tips that are infrequently applied students. The subsequent five tips will demystify the process of writing custom academic papers through making the practice pleasant and easy.
The first tip is avoiding plagiarism. Plagiarism is the use of information, ideas, or methodologies already authored by other academic writers without acknowledging their efforts, otherwise pretending to be the originator of the same. Students know how detrimental plagiarism is. There is no easy way out of this because after submission and prior to marking, tutors inspect academic papers using advanced tools to ascertain that they have not been plagiarized. This is a copyright vice that is academically unacceptable and can be avoided through originality, creativity, and referencing in standardized formats whenever information is borrowed from external sources.
Secondly, academic papers should be shortened to ensure that they remain within the specified word count. Equally, they should be concise and clear in terms of information they capture. There are no discovered advantages linked to longer essays. Hence, once a student realizes that his or her term paper is beyond the designated word count, it is necessary to proofread such paper while cleaning up unnecessary words. Condensation and simplification of essays assist to a greater extent in raising the chances of attaining the full score.
The third tip is maintaining a specific voice throughout the academic papers. The passive voice is widely used in academic writing, but the choice of voice to apply can be dictated by the specific requirements of the essay. Switching to third person from the second person voice and vice versa ought to be avoided at all cost. Despite the fact that this tip sounds like a basic tip, research has proved that majority of students in various institutions of higher learning are incompetent to retain the same voice throughout their essays.
Fourth, academic papers do not need humor. Students should avoid being funny in their custom research and writing. Preferably, it is highly recommended to stick to business-like, serious tone in writing academic papers. This tip is sustained by the notion that most essays and research papers cover serious issues most of which are applicable in real life, and nobody can afford to crack jokes given the scenario. Since the time of memorial academic knowledge rarely involve humor because this can distort concepts and weaken the arguments presented in the term papers.
Finally, most students have a clue of what they should be writing about. Additionally, they can locate the necessary references. It is essential to use credible sources to verify the ideas and points expressed in academic papers. The tip following this introduction is the sequence to be executed in referencing essays. Studying meticulously to attain the necessary capability of writing a strong term paper should be done first. Subsequently, writing the actual essay should follow before finally revisiting the earlier read materials to locate the citations. This tip assists in timely completion of research papers. It is a common practice among college students to write their school papers while simultaneously looking for citations, but this consumes a lot of time.
In conclusion, students should avoid plagiarism, their writing should be concise and composed in an easily understandable manner, the same voice should be maintained throughout the academic paper, humor must be shunned, and finally, simplification of the research and writing process through writing the paper before searching for citations is preferable.
Does an Academic Degree Is a Good Measure of Success in a Business Life?
Essentially, education is meant to enrich one’s perspective on issues. That this enrichment climaxed at the human desire to pep their education ego by earning degrees was, therefore, not a matter of conjecture. Because, many viewed holding a degree as an ultimate essence of declaration of power, the human race, being trendy of habits, replicated the ideals across the globe. But as would be usual, through monitoring and evaluation of processes, the human race is quickly realising, perhaps, a not very expected outcome. Indeed, global professional trends had been tied to a degree ownership, where professional life success was a fait accompli. An individual or individuals with degrees were thought to be able to settle for high-end professions. Their lifestyles would be presumed fulfilling and, instantly, they became a hit with the admiring and cheering crowds. Parents, urged their children to work towards earning degrees. The craze even went a notch higher and people got into the social stratums in terms of which university one attended, to earn a degree, or altogether what sort of a degree one earned. The competition that followed, certain times became even gruelling and socialised the larger societies into classes based on education backgrounds and levels.
The debate on the usefulness of academic degree, in respect to professional success, is far from conclusive. It can be observed every day during student discussions on sites like EssayForum.com. Depending on whichever side one argues from, many feel education, and not entirely academic degree may guarantee professional success. These individuals point to numerous examples of people who dropped out of school before attaining the degree certificate. They were also not at any other time awarded a degree certificate at a university or college, but have increasingly played significant successful professional lives in their chosen careers. Those on this divide cite renowned corporate gurus and entrepreneurs like Microsoft Chairman, Bill Gates, Apple founder, Steve Jobs and Virgin Atlantic Entrepreneur, Richard Branson among a number of successful professionals.
Professional success, as many increasingly see it, is not, at all, an entire product of the acquisition of a degree. Degrees have been globally touted to imbue earners with certain levels of ethics and philosophy. However, in the very inquisitive nature of man, right or wrong, many have been disabused of their academic respect notwithstanding their degrees, since in the perceptions of those judging them, they never passed master in certain levels of behaviour and or arguments. Anyway, often people judge the high educated colleagues on very high performance indices, which may often ignore the fact that they are mere mortals like the rest. Besides, holding a degree is not an automatic ticket to conformance to behaviour rules and codes. If, anything, majority of degrees are technical education concepts whose critical application in the professional life must find a corresponding footing in behavioural mechanisms. Insisting that an isolated act of holding a degree is an automatic success, in professional life, may therefore be defective. Professional practice requires a multiplicity of skills that often an individual may not posses and, therefore, has to collaborate with others.
Ideally, the combination of human behaviour and skill sets earned from the acquisition of a degree may just be a potent success combination. After all, the definition of success is also elusive, perceptual and individual. Success may be progressive and actually collaborative. That Steve Job, for instance, does not have a degree and succeeds at Apple, is what people think of him. It must not be forgotten, how many other unseen hands were involved in the development of the prestigious i-phones. Many used the degree skills in making the outstanding products. From this perspective, the degrees may just be a necessity in professional success. A degree is, therefore better than none.
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